Contemporary Online Magazine Media With An EDGE

Cross Process Photography

Here is a series of cross process photography Bourgeois Magazine LA uses in the body of photography work. Below is also an detailed article of cross process and what it is.  Note, all cross process that is shot in the slideshow has no digital retouching. The goal Bourgeois Magazine LA worked to achieve is deep color saturation and detail.

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Article about cross process:
I have use the cross process technique for many years in my body of work, along with black and white film, color, e-6 and digital. Even though so many photographer’s have gravitated to using only digital, I found myself open to still working with analog film and digital. Many of my clients find it wonderful to have a choice. What attracted me to cross process is how strong it punches up color on photograph’s.


Cross processing (sometimes abbreviated to Xpro) is the procedure of deliberately processingphotographic film in a chemical solution intended for a different type of film. The effect was discovered independently by many different photographers often by mistake in the days of C-22and E-4 . The process is seen most often in fashion advertising and band photography, and in more recent years has become more synonymous with theLomographymovement.[citation needed]

Cross processing usually involves one of the two following methods:

  • Processing positive color reversal film in C-41 chemicals, resulting in a negative image on a colorless base
  • Processing negative color print film in E-6 chemicals, resulting in a positive image but with the orange base of a normally processed color negative


A digital cross Process effect photo, notice the normally black areas now have a blue-ish hue.

The effect of cross processing has been well known since at least the early 60s. Kodak published instructions and precautions for E4 Process in C22 long ago. The National Geographic pictures of Alan Shepard were taken on HS Ektachrome and pushed in C22. They were then masked and corrected for printing in Life magazine and National Geographic.


Traditionally, cross processing color slide film in C-41 process chemicals is most common. Some commercial-level photography/darkroom merchants will perform this developing process. However, cross processing can take place in many other forms, such as negative color print film and/or positivecolor reversal film in a black and white developer.

Other interesting effects can be obtained by bleaching color films processed in black and white chemistry using anhydrochloric acid dichromate mixture or using potassium triiodide (KI3) solution. If these bleached films are then re-exposed to light and re-processed in their intended color chemistry, subtle, relatively low contrast, pastel effects are obtained[citation needed].

Color cross processed photographs are often characterized by unnatural colors and high contrast. The results of cross processing differ from case to case, as the results are determined by many factors such as the make and type of the film used, the amount of light exposed onto the film and the chemical used to develop the film.

Cross processing effects can be simulated in digital photography by a number of techniques involving the manipulation of contrast/brightness, hue/saturation and curves in image editors such as Adobe Photoshop or GIMP; however, they lack the unpredictable nature of regular cross processed images.

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